Average weight: Males: 3,300–4,400 lb. The northern elephant seal is the second largest seal in the world, after the southern elephant seal. But, they have made a comeback today. Point Robinson is adjacent to the narrowest part of Puget Sound, and the whales sometimes come spectacularly close to shore. Did You Know? Northern elephant seals spend much of the year, generally about 9 months, in the ocean. Fish, molluscs, krill, crustaceans, squid and other sea life are usually on their menu. ~ Fun Fact ~Elephant seals are expert underwater hunters who search for food at night and are capable of diving deep below the waves. Mature males are easily spotted by their large noses that resemble elephant trunks. The other species, the southern elephant seal, lives in the Southern Hemispheres and is found in islands like Macquarie Island. Today, there are approximately 160,000 northern elephant seals. When they haul out for molting season they will stay there for a few weeks. With development of affordable satellite-based tracking systems, t… But, there have been instances where these sea mammals have gone even deeper. The Northern Elephant Seal is smaller than those from the Southern part of the world. The huge male northern elephant seal typically weighs 1,500–2,300 kg (3,300–5,100 lb) and measures 4–5 m (13–16 ft), although some males can weigh up to 3,700 kg (8,200 lb). Northern Elephant Seal ; Females: 990–1,300 lb. Average weight: Males: 3,300–4,400 lb. Males begin developing this enlarged nose, or proboscis, at sexual maturity (about three to five years), and it is fully developed by seven to nine years. But these massive pinnipeds aren't called elephant seals because of their size. Fun Facts for Kids. September-November is a good time to see them from shore. As you explore the beaches, please be aware of your surroundings to ensure a safe distance between you and any resting elephant seals. During this time, they survive only off of stored blubber (fat) and won't eat for up to five weeks. Males return slightly after females. Northern elephant seals face threats such as entanglement in fishing gear, vessel strikes, marine debris, and disturbance while on shore. 4,400 pounds (1996 kg) They have been known to look like deadheads, or logs, in the ocean sort of bouncing up and down a couple times and then disappearing. Mature males are easily identified by their large proboscis. Males of both species attain a length of approximately 6.5 metres (21 feet) and a weight of about 3,530 kg (7,780 pounds) and are much larger than the females, which grow to 3.5 metres and weigh 900 kg. Color, Good news for Orcas! Southern elephant seals are the largest seal species, followed by Northern seals. The female will breed again before her pup leaves and she returns to the ocean. On average, the biggest Southern elephant seals weigh over 8,000 pounds. Elephant seals are the largest seals on the earth with two major species i.e. They can dive to depth ranging from 1,000-2,500 feet (305-762m) for lengths of 20-30 minutes. Blocking the path is a massive blob of quivering blubber, braying like a donkey. Breeding primarily occurs on offshore islands of California and Mexico, such as the Channel Islands, and at rookeries on the central California coast. Sexual dimorphism in size is great: The much larger male northern elephant seal typically weighs 1,500–2,300 kg (3,300–5,100 lbs) and measures 4–5 m (13.2–16.5 ft), although some males can weigh up to 3,700 kg (8,152 lbs). But they spend most of the time, 8 to 10 months of the year, elsewhere. One Southern seal recorded diving at a depth of almost 7,000 feet! The males are very large with a weight … The biggest bull Northern elephant seals weigh about 5,000 pounds. The gestation period is around 11 months. Northern elephant seals are protected under the Marine Mammal Protection Act and are not considered endangered or threatened. The females are much smaller at 10 feet (3 m) in length and 1,500 pounds (600 kg). Share your ima. The population began to increase in the 1900s. Two elephant seal species exist, which include the Northern elephant seal and the Southern elephant seal. Most elephant seals will return to natal rookeries when they reach sexual maturity. Adult males may grow to over 13 feet (4 m) in length and weigh up to 4,500 pounds (2,000 kg). View our guide on how to watch marine animals from shore. Join us this month as we Welcome the Orcas. In this species, males max out at around 13 feet long and 4500 pounds , … Adult males may grow to over 13 feet (4 m) in length and weigh up to 4,500 pounds (2,000 kg). Males start to form harems around 9-10 years old and battle for status among the adult males. The Northern Elephant Seal is smaller than those from the Southern part of the world. Humans aren't the only ones that are attracted to the California coastline, Northern Elephant Seals migrate thousands of miles to these beaches twice a year to breed, give birth, molt and rest. However, they often travel alone when they are in the sea and when they migrate. Southern elephant seals are able to dive to over 4,921 feet (1,500 meters) and remain underwater for as long as two hours. They use their large nose to makes sounds and vocally threatening other males. In Washington, it is rare to see them ashore. When northern elephant seals come on shore to breed, the females will fast while mating and suckling their pups. Males feed in the Aleutian Islands and Gulf of Alaska, while females travel further to offshore waters of Washington and Oregon. For northern elephant seals, the situation is similar, but less extreme. The northern elephant seal is the second largest seal in the world, after the southern elephant seal. Southern elephant seals are the largest seal species, followed by Northern seals. Males can be over 20 feet long and weigh up to 8,800 pounds. (Photo by Mark Sears, NOAA Permit 21348), It’s not too late to join our writing contest an, Has anyone seen the Orcas recently? It is estimated that the adult male northern elephant seal can weigh up to 5,000 pounds. They are very large and the males have what is similar to an elephant’s trunk on their face yet it is very short. The population estimate for the California stock of Northern elephant seals is around 180,000. April through August, elephant seals return to beaches to shed their skin, or molt. Elephant seals are expert underwater hunters who search for food at night and are capable of diving deep below the waves. These seals may weigh about the same as a small SUV, but can look a lot like driftwood on the beach at first glance. They are shorter too at only 12 feet. Fe­males typ­i­cally weigh 600 to 900 kg and males, which out­weigh fe­males by 3 to 10 times, can top out at 2300 kg. Northern elephant seals will molt their fur and shed the short dense fur and patches of old skin. Northern elephant seals are the largest of the “true”, or “earless”, seals in all of the Northern Hemisphere. (GA image) Female northern elephant seals can be over ten feet long, weigh over 1,300 pounds, and live over 20 years whereas southern elephant seal females may be over ten feet long, weight over 2,000 pounds, and be over 23 years. Mating occurs from December to March and pups are born in early winter, from December to January. They are very large and the males have what is similar to an elephant’s trunk on their face yet it is very short. Their life span is about 14 years for males, 16 to 17 years for females. With over a 13,000 mile roundtrip migrations, they have one of the longest migrations of any animals. Stats: Weight: 880 - 5,100 lbs (0.40 - 2.31 tons) Length: 8.2 - 16 ft (2.5 - 5 m) Diet: Deeper dwelling mid-water fish and squid; Status: Lower risk; Distribution: Northern Elephant Seal Range Species Fact: Elephant seals, and pups in particular, are also on the menu of other animals. What do they do when they are away? Point Robinson is adjacent to the narrowest part of Puget Sound, and the whales sometimes come spectacularly close to shore. @WDFW sets new rules for commercial whale-watching to protect southern residents. Fully grown males can reach lengths of over 13 feet and can weigh nearly 4,400 pounds. This hunk of chonk, the size and shape of Jabba the Hutt, is a male northern elephant seal. Northern elephant seals range from Alaska, down the west coast to Mexico. These seals group together in large colonies when they are on land. With the recovery of the northern elephant seal population, increasing numbers of elephant seals congregate on local beaches where visitors see them give birth, mate, molt and snooze. Scientific Name Other places it is found include the coast of Argentina, New Zealand, and South Africa. Elephant seal pups weigh around 75 pounds (34 kg) when they are born. Females will come ashore only a few days before giving birth to her pup. When northern elephant seals come on shore to breed, the females will fast while mating and suckling their pups. Males grow to huge sizes, and they can weigh 8,800 pounds (3,991 kg) or more. Found in the Antarctic, sub-Antarctic, and islands off the West coast of North America, these enormous ocean sea mammals were one endangered. The Northern Elephant Seal (Mirounga angustirostris) and the Southern Elephant Seal (Mirounga leonina) were both hunted nearly to extinction by the end of the nineteenth […] They usually dive to depths of between 1,000 and 2,500 feet. The males are very large with a weight of up to 5,000 pounds. Fill out our nomination form for that amazing site. Once males reach puberty at 7 years old they grow a large nose, as well as thick and robust necks that are lighter in color compared to their darker bodies. These mam­mals are among the largest of the group com­pris­ing aquatic car­ni­vores in the North­ern Hemi­sphere. Females weigh about 2,000 pounds (907 kg). Thanks to successful conservation projects they are thriving once again. Point Robinson was one of the first locations on The Whale Trail! They usually dive to depths of between 1,000 and 2,500 feet. Pups increase their birthweight by a factor of 3-7 times on mother's milk alone. The northern elephant seal is yellowish or gray-brown, and the southern is blue-gray. The elephant seal is in the phocid, or true seal, family. Elephant seals come ashore in the winter to mate and give birth. Elephant seals have a sandy brown colored coat with no spots. Males frequently fight with each other. On the Whale Trail, Northern elephant seals can be seen at sea while they are at the surface between their long dives. Adult males may grow to over 13 feet (4 m) in length and weigh up to 4,500 pounds (2,000 kg). Learn More. As the name suggests, elephant seals are huge members of the seal family that have a large trunk-like nose that somewhat resembles an elephant’s. They lack external ear flaps and have smaller fore flippers than other pinnipeds. Northern elephant seals are preyed on by great white sharks, a significant cause of mortality in juvenile seals, and sometimes also by killer whales. A few of the animals are found in Chile. Adult females will return to California or Mexico, and go ashore between March and August to molt. Length Males have an enlarged proboscis or ‘trunk’, hence the name elephant seal. 75 pounds (35 kg) Northern elephant seals only take short breaks at the surface which is when they are likely to be seen from shore. Weight 4,400 pounds (1996 kg) Length 12-16 feet (3.6-3.9 m) Northern elephant seals are the largest of the “true”, or “earless”, seals in all of the Northern Hemisphere. Northern Elephant Seal He might weigh as much as 4,500 pounds, and he can flop his jiggly body across the sand as fast as we can run. Females weigh about 2,000 pounds (907 kg). Look for groups of molting males at northern California sites like McKerrecher State Park. Fun Facts for Kids. Elephant seals are the only seals that molt and shed their outer layer of skin. Elephant seals feed on fish and on squid or other cephalopods. The first elephant seals on Año Nuevo Island were sighted in 1955, and the first pup was born there in 1961. To prevent injury, they grow a protective layer of keratin on their chests, which acts as an important shield. On average, the southern elephant seal tends to be larger than the northern species. 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